Cocaine is a stimulant with potential effects that include euphoria, increased energy, and talkativeness. The high associated with cocaine use is relatively short-lived, lasting about minutes when snorted and even shorter when injected. Cocaine is often used in a binge pattern in which the person who uses it repeatedly takes the substance over a short period of time.
Binging is a dangerous practice that can increase the risk of developing an addiction to cocaine. Intravenous IV use cocaine is particularly risky because it can quickly lead to addiction.
There are a number of harmful consequences associated with shooting cocaine, including:. If a person suffers from chronic anxiety, lethargy, or stress, the allure of a stimulant such as cocaine might be understandable.
But the positive effects from shooting cocaine — such as becoming more personable, energetic, and self-confident — are eclipsed by the severe long-term psychological and physical harm the practice can cause. Shooting cocaine is highly addictive and the effects wear off quickly, triggering a craving for more of the drug.
As a stimulant drug, cocaine works by manipulating various elements of brain chemistry. Part of the reason for its profoundly rewarding, pleasurable effects is its influence on a neurotransmitter in the brain called dopamine. Dopamine is primarily associated with regulating reward and pleasure in the brain. Cocaine increases dopamine activity, inducing a feeling of pleasure when the drug is used.
This pleasurable feeling acts as positive reinforcement within the brain and leads to long-term changes in brain chemistry. When someone uses cocaine for an extended period of time, they develop a tolerance to the pleasurable effects of using the substance.
They then need more of the drug to experience euphoria. This pattern of ever-increasing use can lead to dependence and addiction. The side effects and dangers associated with IV cocaine use are many, and they tend to grow worse with ongoing use. If you or someone you know struggles with cocaine addiction, understanding how the drug works on the mind and the body, as well as finding the best private cocaine inpatient facility available, might bring you closer to breaking its addictive hold on your life.
Call Who Answers? While some additives might be relatively harmless, some cuts can be toxic. Over time, the effects of cocaine additives can also wear on the health of the user.The dangers of intravenous drug use are well documented. Although most available information focuses on the very high risk of overdose and the diseases associated with sharing needles both very real dangersinjecting drugs can also be incredibly harmful to the body in many other ways.
Even the most experienced, careful intravenous drug user is not immune to the havoc that needles can psychically cause to veins and blood flow. After prolonged injection, issues such as thrombosis become more common. Eventually the vein can become completely blocked by these clots, transforming the veins into scar tissue. This is commonly referred to as a collapsed vein. For this reason, the most experience, careful intravenous drug user is also apt to explore new injection sites.
While injecting drugs is already incredibly risky, these three injection sites should never be used under any circumstances. Not only are these veins easy to locate, the feet are inconspicuous, and the injection site is easy to conceal.
However, injecting into the feet does carry associated risks. Although the veins in the feet may look large, these veins are actually very thin and have a tendency to burst under pressure. Femoral Vein Groin : The femoral vein runs up both legs and through the creases of your upper thigh and groin.
In the crease of the groin, the veins are shallow enough to tempt some intravenous drug users to use this location. This injection site is very dangerous. The femoral vein runs incredibly close to the femoral artery and the femoral nerve. If you hit the femoral artery, a large amount of frothy, bright red blood will rush into the barrel. In some cases, hospitalization may be required to stop the bleeding. The femoral nerve controls leg and muscle movement, so damaging this nerve can result in serious problems with mobility or even paralysis.
Neck: The neck is arguably the most dangerous injection site, as arteries, veins, tendons and nerves are incredibly close together. Although the neck has the same risks of other locations, such as abscesses and collapsed veins, an abscess in the neck puts serious pressure on nerves and can block your air passage.
Nerve damage to the neck can also result in vocal chord paralysis. In addition, if you hit an artery in your neck, the injecting chemicals will shoot directly into the brain, potentially causing a range of neurological problems or a stroke. Due to the high risk of overdose and the risks associated with shared needles, using drugs intravenously is never safe under any circumstances. However, these three injection sites considerably heighten the risk of irreparable bodily harm and death.
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Neither DrugAbuse. For more information, visit americanaddictioncenters. Ready for Drug or Alcohol Rehab? Select your state and then choose Alcohol Treatment or Drug Treatment. Substance Abuse Stats.The best cocaine tip is to cut out the white stuff completely.
After all, even the purest cocaine carries the risk of overdosetriggering mental illness, dangerous cardiac and neurological consequences, and unpleasant cocaine withdrawal symptoms. Regardless, if you do choose to use cocaine, a few harm reduction strategies will help reduce your risks.
Cocaine users can find themselves taking the drug multiple times in one session. This is known as a cocaine binge. The half-life of cocaine is two to four hours, which is pretty short for a stimulant. For the best chance at a painless recovery, and to reduce the risk of addiction, let the drug wear off, get some rest, and don't use again the next day.
Cocaine is well known for the " crash " that happens after coming down from the cocaine high. This unpleasant state is marked by physical and mental exhaustion, and often, a low mood.
Using more cocaine, alcohol, or other drugs to avoid withdrawal will simply increase the intensity of the symptoms when they catch up with you. A better approach is to get some sleep or planning a day of rest ahead of time if you know you're likely to binge.
Also, be sure to drink plenty of water or juice and eat some food, even if you don't feel like it. Your body needs nutrients to recover and small things will help significantly. It can even eat a hole in your septum after awhile.
Some people recommend diluting cocaine with water before snorting to reduce the damage to your nose. You can also insert the straw deeper into your nasal passage so the cocaine doesn't get stuck in the nose hairs. Alternating nostrils and ensuring the cocaine is chopped into a fine powder will also help. Take a break from cocaine if you develop tissue damage in your nose. It will give your body a chance to recover.
Sharing anything that you use cocaine with can lead to infection. Snorting straws can pick up small particles that may carry infectious diseases. Likewise, a pipe with a broken piece may cut users unexpectedly and sharing a pipe puts you at risk for oral herpes and other diseases. If you smoke cocaine, be cautious about burning yourself.
Avoid using makeshift pipes or foil from bottles, cans, or other sources as you may be inhaling harmful chemicals. If you have never injected cocaine, it's best not to start. The risks of abscesses from using the same injection site and missing a vein are too great. You'll also want to avoid skin popping because cocaine is not well absorbed this way, so it's really not worth it.
It is never wise to inject any drug with needles that you are not percent certain are sterile or that have been used by someone else. Know where your local needle exchange program or safe injection facility is and take advantage of the resources they offer. Cocaine can be cut with all sorts of harmful additives, including poisons and other stimulants. It's best to start slow anytime you buy a new supply to test out its effects.
Speedballing—using an opiate and cocaine at the same time—can lead to an overdose as well. It's best to avoid it, as well as using cocaine with alcohol or any other drugs.
Signs of a cocaine overdose include the user's face turning blue or extremely pale. You may find it hard to breathe or go limp, even find that it's impossible to talk.Missing The Vein.
The the fluid that was intended for the vein ends up pooling underneath the skin or in the muscle tissue. Missing is usually an accident and not intentional. How bad it burns often depends on how much you missed ant where you missed. Almost immediately after you miss a lump will form. Don't be alarmed if the bump swells up a lot larger than it seems like it should. That's just your body triggering an inflammatory response. That's the reason why you'll sometimes end up with a bump that seems much bigger than your shot actually was.
A painful lump that begins to form a day or two or more later is NOT normal and could potentially be an abscess. Heat will actually help your body to absorb the shot quicker. And you want that shot to be absorbed as quickly as possible so that the liquid you injected isn't just sitting in your tissues, which can get infected and cause an abscess. And although your first instinct may be to apply ice to minimize the swelling - applying heat is actually the best thing you can do.
If you don't have a heating pad you can make one with a washcloth and a plastic bag. Just get a dishtowel or washcloth wet with really hot water, stick it in the microwave for about 30 seconds or a minute or so. Then stick it inside a ziploc bag or plastic grocery bag. Wrap it up so that the air can't get to it. It will usually stay pretty hot for a good 15 to 20 minutes or so. Then just apply it to the area where you missed.
Do that 2 or 3 times the first day so that you'll be less likely to develop an abscess. Below are a couple pics of my arm after partially missing a shot I was doing - clicking on either pic will take you to my meth photo archive also a new work in progress.
Email This BlogThis! Subscribe to: Posts Atom.Injecting any type of addictive drug into the bloodstream greatly increases the dangers associated with drug abuse. When injected, the dangers of cocaine use become all the more worse. Couple these effects with the immediate satisfaction gained through IV use and users can quickly make cocaine a part of their everyday life.
Compared to cocaine injections, smoking and snorting practices pale in comparison in terms of the overall dangerous effects involved. According to the National Institute on Drug Abusecocaine in powered form can be ingested in two ways: smoking and injecting.
Users typically dissolve cocaine powder into a water solution as preparation for injection. Repeatedly injecting cocaine into the veins can eventually lead to the deterioration of the skin and blood vessel linings.
Nowadays, cocaine in powder form may be cut with any number and type of additives, placing users at considerable risk of developing residue build-up along blood vessel passageways. Taking cocaine by injection leads it directly through the bloodstream into the brain. Once inside the brain, cocaine exerts its greatest effect on dopamine neurotransmitter processes by increasing the amount of dopamine present in the brain. Dopamine plays a central role in regulating pain and pleasure sensations throughout the body.
This includes the overall sense of well-being a person has under normal conditions. At this point, dopamine levels in the brain are at the mercy of the drug.
As a highly addictive stimulant drug, drug cravings and withdrawal effects can be especially intense for cocaine users. This practice is known as bingeing. Bingeing practices place considerable strain on heart and brain functions and place users at serious risk of overdose, stroke and cardiac arrest. Am I Addicted to Cocaine?
This system enables a person to distinguish between positive and negative experiences. With continued use, the brain reward system starts to view cocaine as a necessary substance for survival. Once users become addicted, their thoughts, behaviors, motivations and priorities all center on getting and using cocaine.
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Harm Reduction Strategies When Using Cocaine
Dangers of Injecting Cocaine Injecting any type of addictive drug into the bloodstream greatly increases the dangers associated with drug abuse.What should I do if, while injecting meth, I miss the vein and it goes under the skin? Then next day the area was red, swollen and very painful. I would prefer to treat this at home. Slamming injecting meth carries all sorts of risks, as I'm sure you know.
There can be injection site issues as well as the numerous harmful consequences of methamphetamine in the body. The release of neurotransmitters primarily dopamine that initially produces such euphoria is accompanied by dangerous cardiovascular and metabolic effects. Injecting meth is the end stage of use get help. Crystal Meth Anonymous has meetings in areas around the country.
If you can't find one, you can probably find a Narcotics Anonymous meeting. As for your skin issue, fluid that is released under the skin will often dissipate.
On the surface of the skin serious problems such as abscesses or cellulitis can easily occur. I understand the desire to treat at home, but if the redness, heat, or soreness persists it requires immediate medical attention. You can find more information about injection drug use skin issues here.
David Fawcett, Ph. March 4, Question What should I do if, while injecting meth, I miss the vein and it goes under the skin? Answer Slamming injecting meth carries all sorts of risks, as I'm sure you know.
What to do when you miss the vein when shooting up?
You should know: The answer above provides general health information that is not intended to replace medical advice or treatment recommendations from a qualified health care professional.So i had a trip to the hospital where the incompetent nurse butchered my right arm before settling with a vein on the left arm with the IV needle.
I realize at that point that a lot of the liquid inside the IV bag had gone inside my arm, not the vein. Can anyone with experience in medicine tell me if it's normal recovery, or if infection has settled in. It looks like some of the pokes might have gone all the way through the vein, and maybe continued to bleed for a while. Signs of infection are redness and pain, and it looks like you probably don't have an infection, unless the pain has intensified.
Two weeks seems a little long for something like this to still hurt and also remain swollen. If the pain has become more intense or if you have puffy hands along with the swelling in your arm, then it would be a good idea to see a doctor to examine your arm.
Otherwise, it looks like things are slowly healing. And this can cause an internal infection? Will it help the arm if you put a bag of ice on it? Sounds like your tech blew your vein, or allowed some blood to escape under the skin when withdrawing the needle. It's an infiltration and it's no big deal. You can apply warm compress to it. Don't expect a blood clot. It will heal up on it's own. In the mean time, just keep an eye on it for any further complications like reddness, swelling.
And when you get another blood test, ask for an experienced tech. You'll be ok. Don't be so quick to call the nurse incompetent. You're not IV certified and so you don't know what IV competence or incompetence is. You may be a "hard stick" for all I know. Infiltration occurs when the opposite vein wall is punctured or when the cannula is dislodged.
If you were administered normal saline there will be no problem with infection or permanent tissue damage -- this event would be due to extravasation. The discoloration is bruising, from blood leaking from the punctured vein or veins.
The swelling, if it feels firm and if the discoloration is on it, is a hematoma. Just a collection of blood that will eventually be absorbed by your body. Nothing serious. Veins are living tissue and have sensation.
What you're feeling and seeing is normal and will resolve over time. Use ice packs 15 min. Elevate the arm and avoid using it as much as possible. That's called an IV infiltration or infiltrate, if you want to look up more information on it. It's happened to me before, but they caught it right away. It's not too uncommon--the nurses are just supposed to keep a close eye on your IV so if it's happening they can stop it right away.
Is it warm to touch? Also check your temperature. If any of these things start to happen, see your doctor ASAP. That condition would be called thrombophlebitis or cellulitis. Each dog is different, so I watch the dog to see what it is responding to.
I use different words, sounds, hand signals for each of my puppies.